Cecilia Ruiz-Esteban

University of Murcia

Bullying and cyberbullying throughout educational levels

Participants: María Dolores Delgado1; Inmaculada Méndez2; Noelia Carbonell2; Juan Pedro Martínez Ramón2

1ISEN; 2University of Murcia

Symposium Summary

Introduction: The scientific literature has highlighted that bullying is a global issue, not only affecting primary and secondary education but all levels of education including university. Some studies even point out that similar patterns occur at non-formal educational stages, including at universities for the elderly.  Moreover, it occurs with great similarities in all countries. However, we must continue to investigate its causes, its effects on the roles involved, as well as the concomitance of this phenomenon with other variables such as eating problems. Methods: The first of the communications presents a prevention proposal focused on children's very innovative education. The rest examine empirically at the different educational levels to learn more about the implications of school bullying and cyberbullying at that educational level including the older group in the senior class. Results: Empirical research at all educational levels is presented. Firstly, data on the primary population of Sicily (Italy) are analysed, and then various aspects of bullying at each of the other educational levels, secondary, university and senior classrooms are analysed. Discussion: Educational bullying is not limited to young populations. There is evidence of the existence of this problem in university and senior population. The data from this research will allow progress to be made in the management of these conflicts. The prevention programmes used so far have not succeeded in eradicating the problem. A prevention programme is presented, aimed at the child education population, which allows for work on curricular content and education in values. The improvement of school convivencia from initial levels can improve the problems of bullying at other educational levels throughout life.

Short CV

Doctor in Psychology from the University of Murcia in 1994 and Senior Lecturer since 1997 at the same University. She has developed her research about interpersonal variables that affect learning at different educational levels. In 2012, she started her collaboration in the project “Evaluation of school anxiety and its relationship with psychoeducational variables in childhood”, programme, financed by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (Spain) that has given rise to numerous publications and collaborations with professors from other Spanish and foreign universities, creating a research network.

In 2010, the paper “Gender and age differences in cognitive, psychophysiological and behavioural responses of social anxiety in adolescence”, published in Psicothema, was chosen by the Official College of Psychology as one of the 12 best articles in Psychology published in Spanish that year and as a consequence translated and published in issue 15 of Psychology In Spain.

In 2011, the Ministry of Education and Science (Spain) awarded them a project in the call for Studies and Analysis named “Study and Analysis of the SGIC of Degrees and Masters as a tool for the generation of proposals for innovation and improvement of the Quality of the University teaching". This project has led to several publications and communications to national and international conferences. She has presented more than a hundred papers and invited papers to Congresses. She has been part of the Organizing Committee of more than 10 major events.

In the period 2005-2009, she was Vice-Dean in the Faculty of Education of the University of Murcia and from September 2014 to 2018, secretary of the International School of Doctorate of the University of Murcia. Currently, she is Vice-Dean of Early Childhood Education at ISEN, a school attached to the University of Murcia.

She has participated in assessment activities as an evaluator of the Socrates Programme (since 2009, she has been secretary of the Science, Engineering and Architecture and Social Sciences Committees of the Verifica-Master Programme of ANECA). In this institution she has collaborated in several international projects financed by the European Union:

E-TRAIN: for the training of international assessment experts.

JOQAR: for quality assurance and recognition of joint programmes.

TEAM II: for the mutual recognition of accreditation decisions for joint programmes.

TEAM I: to provide information on accredited programs and advance mutual recognition decisions.

ALFA-PUENTES: to improve the mechanisms of modernization, reform and harmonization of the higher education systems in Latin America and to improve the relations between Latin America and Europe in the field of Higher Education.

In 2019 she has been awarded a European project Capacity Building in Higher Education on quality in Higher Education (EQUAM-LA) in which Latin American and European institutions participate.

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